Organizational culture is a set of shared values, the unwritten rules which are often taken for granted, that guide the employees towards acceptable and rewarding behavior. The organizational culture exists at two distinct levels, visible and hidden. The visible aspect of the organization is reflected in artifacts, symbols and visible behavior of employees. The hidden aspect is related to underlying values and assumptions that employees make regarding the acceptable and unacceptable behaviors.
The name of the country derives from the term used for the Wouri River by Portuguese explorers. Reaching the Cameroon coast near the modern port city of Douala aroundthose explorers named the river Rio dos Camaroes "River of Prawns" after the variety of crayfish they found there.
This name later was applied to the coastal area between Mount Cameroon and Rio Muni. Cameroon has distinct regional cultural, religious, and political traditions as well as ethnic variety. The English-speaking region consists of the Southwest and Northwest provinces, where Pidgin English Wes Cos is the lingua franca and English is taught in school.
The educational system and legal practices derive from those of England. The French-speaking region consists of the remaining eight provinces, where French is the lingua franca, the French school system is used, and the legal system is based on the statutory law of continental Europe.
This region is dominant in numbers and power. Tension between the two regions increased after the introduction of a multiparty political system in the s. The English-speaking region is divided into two cultural regions.
The Grassfields peoples of the Northwest Province consist of nearly one hundred chiefdoms each ruled by a divine king fon. Most of these chiefdoms have patrilineal or dual descent kinship systems, although some groups, such as the Kom, are matrilineal.
Polygyny and fertility are important cultural values, although this varies by wealth and education. The peoples of the Southwest province had less hierarchical systems of governance and social organization. The British appointed warrant chiefs to aid their colonial rule, and in many instances the population rallied behind those chiefs in the postcolonial period.
The peoples of the Southwest province include the Bakweri, who live along the slopes of Mount Cameroon. The Bakweri practice rites of healing and initiation in associations of spirit mediums that distinguish between male and female roles and between village and bush.
In the French-speaking area, the largely Muslim north is culturally distinct from the largely Christian and animist south. The northern area includes three provinces: Adamoua, North, and Extreme North.
Since the jihad led by an Islamic cleric inthe northern region has been culturally dominated by the Fulani. Urban Fulani are renowned as clerics in the Sunni branch of Islam.
Most Fulani are cattle herders. An important subgroup are the Bororo'en, noted for the size of their cattle herds. With their Hausa colleagues, they engage in long-distance trade involving cattle.
Other northern ethnic groups include the Mandara, Kokoto, and Arab Choa. Major crops include cotton and millet. Most of the southern peoples are Christian or engage in traditional, animist religious practices.
The Center, South, and East provinces are characterized by dense tropical rain forest.
Broadly, social heritage of a group (organized community or society). It is a pattern of responses discovered, developed, or invented during the group's history of handling problems which arise from interactions among its members, and between them and their initiativeblog.com responses are considered the correct way to perceive, feel, think, and act, and are passed on to the new members . Culture determines what is acceptable or unacceptable, important or unimportant, right or wrong, workable or unworkable. It encompasses all learned and shared, explicit or tacit, assumptions, beliefs, knowledge, norms, and values, as well as attitudes, behavior, dress, and language. This article examines roles that gender, culture and spirituality play in elements of therapeutic process. It presents an initial literature review on gender, culture and spirituality as these factors relate to shaping identities and defining one's behavior. Discussions on how these three dimensions influence the level of understanding and effective responsiveness that competent, counseling.
The Center and South are culturally dominated by the Beti peoples, which include the Ewondo, Eton, and Bulu, and are linguistically and culturally related to the Fang of Gabon.
They are patrilineal, grow root crops and peanuts for their own consumption, and grow cocoa as a cash crop. The Ewondo were early converts to Catholicism.
The current president is Bulu, and many prominent authors are Beti. Peoples in the East include the Maka and Gbaya, both with relatively egalitarian forms of social organization in Cameroon which reciprocity is a key value.Consumer Buying Behaviour – The Influence Of Culture.
Consumer Buying Behaviour – The Influence Of Culture. Marketing unlike any other social science is entirely concerned with the need and wants of people several and individually.. To place an order . Gender identity is defined as a personal conception of oneself as male, female, both, or neither.
In , President Obama signed an executive order barring discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity among federal contractors.
Eurocentric Destruction of Indigenous Conceptions: the Secret Rediscovery of the Beautiful Woman in African Societies ABSTRACT. Western racist ideology has been entrenched among Africans and especially in the Black Diaspora for over two hundred years.
What determines culture? Discuss and use examples. Discuss and use examples. Culture is the way of thinking and doing things that are passed on from one generation to another such as language, norms and values of society.
The Role and Responsibility of Company Leadership in Shaping Organizational Culture - According to (Organic Workspaces, n. d) an organization’s culture refers to the observable, powerful forces in any organization, usually constituted by the employees’ shared values, beliefs, symbols, and behaviors.
Culture determines what is acceptable or unacceptable, important or unimportant, right or wrong, workable or unworkable. It encompasses all learned and shared, explicit or tacit, assumptions, beliefs, knowledge, norms, and values, as well as attitudes, behavior, dress, and language.