The hillsborough disaster

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The hillsborough disaster

Kick-off was scheduled for 3: Hooliganism had affected the sport for some years, and was particularly virulent in England.

It emphasised the general situation at Hillsborough was satisfactory compared with most grounds. It made recommendations on the safety of crowds penned within fences, [17] including that "all exit gates should be manned at all times A crush occurred at the Leppings Lane end of the ground during the semi-final between Tottenham Hotspur and Wolverhampton Wanderers after hundreds more spectators were permitted to enter the terrace than could safely be accommodated, resulting in 38 injuries, including broken arms, legs and ribs.

The safety certificate was never renewed and the stated capacity of the stadium was never changed.

Keep Exploring Britannica Kick-off was scheduled for 3:

After the crush inHillsborough was not chosen to host an FA Cup semi-final for six years until A Leeds fan described disorganisation at the turnstiles and no steward or police direction inside the stadium, resulting in the crowd in one enclosure becoming so compressed he was at times unable to raise and clap his hands.

Liverpool lodged a complaint before the match in One supporter wrote to the Football Association and Minister for Sport complaining, "The whole area was packed solid to the point where it was impossible to move and where I, and others around me, felt considerable concern for personal safety".

In October a probationary PC in Mole's F division, South Yorkshire was handcuffed, photographed, and stripped by fellow officers in a fake robbery, as a hazing prank. Four officers resigned and seven were disciplined over the incident.

Hillsborough County

Chief Superintendent Mole himself was to be transferred to the Barnsley division for "career development The hillsborough disaster.

The transfer was to be done with immediate effect on 27 March No known minutes exist of this meeting. This left planning for the semi-final match to Duckenfield, who had never commanded a sell-out football match before, and who had "very little, if any" training or personal experience in how to do so.

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The approach has been described as a "bottleneck" in which attendees had to fill two sides of the stadium. Nottingham Forest supporters were allocated the South Stands and Spion Kop [a] on the east end, with a combined capacity of 29, reached by 60 turnstiles spaced along two sides of the ground.

Liverpool supporters were allocated the North and West ends Leppings Laneholding 24, fans, reached by 23 turnstiles from a narrow concourse.

Turnstiles numbered 1 to 10, 10 in all, provided access to 9, seats in the North Stand; a further 6 turnstiles numbered 11 to 16 provided access to 4, seats in the upper tier of the West Stand. Finally, 7 turnstiles lettered A to G provided access to 10, standing places in the lower tier of the West Stand.

Although Liverpool had more supporters, Nottingham Forest was allocated the larger area, to avoid the approach routes of rival fans crossing. As a result of the stadium layout and segregation policy, turnstiles that would normally have been used to enter the North Stand from the east were off-limits and all Liverpool supporters had to converge on a single entrance at Leppings Lane.

On match day, radio and television advised fans without tickets not to attend.

The hillsborough disaster

Rather than establishing crowd safety as the priority, clubs, local authorities and the police viewed their roles and responsibilities through the 'lens of hooliganism'.

The passengers arrived on the grounds about 2: Some supporters were delayed by roadworks while crossing the Pennines on the M62 motorway which resulted in minor traffic congestion.

While rehearsing for the match off-air, he suggested a nearby cameraman look as well.

The hillsborough disaster

Well, if you look at the Liverpool end, to the right of the goal, there's hardly anybody on those steps People presenting tickets at the wrong turnstiles and those who had been refused entry could not leave because of the crowd behind them but remained as an obstruction.

Fans outside could hear cheering as the teams came on the pitch ten minutes before the match started, and as the match kicked off, but could not gain entrance. A police constable radioed control requesting that the game be delayed, as it had been two years before, to ensure the safe passage of supporters into the ground.

The request to delay the start of the match by 20 minutes [34] was declined. Two further gates A and B were subsequently opened to relieve pressure. After an initial rush, thousands of supporters entered the stadium "steadily at a fast walk". As the disaster unfolded, the events were relayed live to the Saturday sports show, Grandstand.

Hillsborough disaster - Wikipedia

When the gates were opened, thousands of fans entered a narrow tunnel leading to the rear of the terrace into two overcrowded central pens pens 3 and 4creating pressure at the front. Hundreds of people were pressed against one another and the fencing by the weight of the crowd behind them.

People entering were unaware of the problems at the fence; police or stewards usually stood at the entrance to the tunnel and, when the central pens reached capacity, directed fans to the side pens, but on this occasion, for reasons not fully explained, they did not.

The match between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest began as scheduled at 3: Fans were still streaming into pens 3 and 4 from the rear entrance tunnel as the match began. For some time, problems at the front of the Liverpool central goal pens went largely unnoticed except by those inside it, and by a few police at that end of the pitch.

Liverpool's goalkeeper, Bruce Grobbelaarreported fans from behind him pleading to him for help as the situation worsened. Possibly connected to the excitement, a surge in pen 3 caused one of its metal crush barriers to give way, [37] thrusting people forward on top of one another, and into the pen's front fences.

South Yorkshire Police Superintendent Greenwood the ground commander realised the situation, and ran on the field to gain referee Ray Lewis 's attention.Hillsborough disaster. Top Stories How and when each of the fans died Full article How and when each of the fans died. Hillsborough police chief to face trial.

A former chief inspector accused of trying to blame Liverpool fans for the Hillsborough disaster has had all charges against him dropped.

Sir Norman Bettison, then of South Yorkshire Police. For soldiers’ families, Hillsborough relatives and victims of John Worboys the act has been vital in their quest for justice, says Scott Dawes, government relations manager for Amnesty.

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How the UK's worst sporting stadium disaster resulted in the unlawful deaths of 96 Liverpool fans following a catalogue of failures. How the UK's worst sporting stadium disaster resulted in the unlawful deaths of 96 Liverpool fans following a catalogue of failures.

Tony Bland - Wikipedia