It is accessed through the web browser. The software and database reside on a central server rather than being installed on the desktop system and is accessed over a network.
The husband-wife team became highly demanded as speakers on the negative impacts of sex role stereotypes on individuals and society. At the time, there was a lack of empirical evidence to support their assertions because this was uncharted territory, and so Sandra Bem became very interested and determined to gather data that would support the detrimental and limiting effects of traditional sex roles.
It is a self-report inventory that asks participants how well 60 different attributes describe themselves by using a seven-point scale. These attributes reflect the definition of masculinity 20 questions and femininity 20 questionsand the remaining 20 questions were merely filler questions Bem, In this inventory the feminine and masculine items were chosen on what was culturally appropriate for males and females at that time in the early s.
The BSRI was later used to measure psychological flexibility and behavioral indicators. According to the gender schema theory, "the child learns to evaluate his or her adequacy as a person in terms of the gender schema, to match his or her preferences, attitudes, behaviors, and personal attributes against the prototypes stored within it.
Her research questioned the social beliefs and assumptions that sex roles are opposite, bipolar, and mutually exclusive. The data she collected were supportive of a merging of male and female traits to enable a person to be a fully functioning, adaptive human over an emphasis on gender stereotypes.
A person with high masculine and low feminine identification would be categorized as "masculine". A person with high feminine identification and low masculine identification, would be categorized as "feminine".
A person who had high identification with both characteristics would be categorized as "androgynous". A person who has low identification with both dimensions would be considered "undifferentiated".
As previously mentioned, a person could be categorized as "androgynous" when taking the BSRI. Androgyny is defined as "the integration of both masculinity and femininity in a single individual".
Androgyny allows one to freely engage in both masculine and feminine behaviors. According to Bem, people's behavior can demonstrate what she defined as situational appropriateness.
Situational appropriateness is demonstrated when behavior is reflective of one's environment. For example, a woman demonstrating knowledge of sports at a basketball game is appropriate.
Androgyny may also blend modalities. An example of androgyny blending modalities would be a woman being both assertive and compassionate when firing someone from a job. Education and career[ edit ] Bem attended Margaret Morrison Carnegie Collegenow known as Carnegie—Mellon University — and majored in psychology.
She recalls the head of the counseling center, Bob Morgan, encouraging her to study to become a psychiatrist. This was the first time such a high-status career had ever been suggested to her.
Her main influence while at the University of Michigan was experimental psychologist David Birch.
Her early work focused on the behavior of young children and their ability to solve problems, and utilize self-control and instruction.
After obtaining her Ph. She left Stanford University because her application for tenure was denied. She and husband Daryl Bem both took tenured teaching positions at Cornell University inwhere she became a psychology professor and the director of the women's studies program.
She grew up in a working class family with one younger sister, Beverly.
Both of Bem's parents worked throughout her life, so she grew up with the assumption that she would always be working.Read this essay on Inventory Proposal. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at initiativeblog.com".
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