Various parts of Greece. An annual three-day festival which was held in honour of Demeter Thesmophoros, observed in various part of Greece.
Phonetically, gamma is a voiced velar fricative. Its palatalized version is a voiced palatal fricative. Read the remark for sigma to understand why, and how to pronounce it. The reason for this redundancy has to do with Classic Greek, where they were not redundant.
Evidence 9 Iota [i], exactly like eta see above. Notice that in English [k] is aspirated if it appears word-initially; Greek makes no such distinction. When followed by the vowels [e] or [i] it becomes palatalized — for the exact pronunciation please check the page on palatalization.
Phonetically, it is a voiceless velar plosive. Its palatalized version is a voiceless palatal plosive. When followed by the vowel [i] it becomes palatalized, turning to a sound that does not exist in English check the page on palatalization. A voiced alveolar lateral approximant.
The remark for sigma applies to the [s]-sound of ksi, too. A mid-close back rounded vowel. Notice that in English [p] is aspirated if it appears word-initially; Greek makes no such distinction.
As in Modern Greek 17 Rho [r]: Almost every Greek can pronounce rho as a long trill if they wish like the Russian [r]and you will hear it pronounced like that in some Greek songs. Phonetically, it is a voiced alveolar tap and occasionally a trill. Probably as in Modern Greek when single, and as a trill when double.
Actually, if you listen carefully to native Greek speakers, it sounds a bit like between [s] and [sh] probably because there is no [sh] in Greek, so the sound is somewhat shifted in the phonological space. However, to the native English ear it sounds much closer to [sh] than to [s], whereas every native Greek speaker would swear they pronounce it exactly like the English [s], unless forced to admit the difference by looking at spectrograms.
In reality, you can produce it like this: Now feel where it is when you say [sh] far back. Place it somewhere midway, and you will produce the Greek [s]. Notice that the second way of writing the lower case sigma is used exclusively when the letter appears at the end of a word there is only one capital form.
Notice that in English [t] is aspirated if it appears word-initially; Greek makes no such distinction.
As in Modern Greek 20 Upsilon [i], exactly like eta and iota see above. For the exact pronunciation in this case, please check the page on palatalization.
Phonetically, it is a voiceless velar fricative. Its palatalized version is a voiceless palatal fricative. The remark for sigma applies to the [s]-sound of psi, too.
As in Modern Greek 24 Omega [o], exactly like omicron. Once again, the reason for the redundancy is to be found in Classic Greek.Alphabets. Alphabets, or phonemic alphabets, are sets of letters, usually arranged in a fixed order, each of which represents one or more phonemes, both consonants and vowels, in .
The Greek alphabet, still in use today in Greece in the form it reached during the Hellenistic period, has enjoyed an extraordinary success as a direct or indirect model for other alphabets (notably the Latin alphabet); on it are based the writing systems employed in a great part of the modern world.
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The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BC.
  It was derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet,  and was the first alphabetic script to have distinct letters for vowels as well as initiativeblog.com systems: Egyptian hieroglyphs, Proto-Sinaitic alphabet, Phoenician alphabet, Greek alphabet.
The alphabet is among the few linguistic elements that have remained essentially unchanged between the Ancient and Modern Greek languages.
Before listing the letters, let us make a brief comment on the pronunciation of the language, as it evolved through the millennia.
Phoenician Alphabet, Mother of Modern Writing ; Phoenician script was the alphabet used for transliterating the Holy Bible in Hebrew.; Evolution of Phoenician into Latin/Western scripts and Arabic/Eastern scripts.