Alexander the Great conquered Egypt at an early stage of his conquests. He respected the pharaonic religions and customs and he was proclaimed Pharaoh of Egypt. He established the city of Alexandria. After his death, in BC, his empire was divided among his generals.
Compare and contrast essay: Ancient Egypt and Greece The ancient Egyptian and ancient Greek civilizations are two of the oldest known civilizations in our history. The Egyptian civilization, based in the eastern part of North Africa, is believed to have started around BC and continued till the end of the Pharaoh rule in 31 BC.
Many similarities and differences existed between these two civilizations, as even though they co-existed during a certain timeframe BC to BCthey were located in different geographical areas.
Because of these differences in geography, both these civilizations were subjected to different kinds of exposure, which included contact with other civilization and cultural inheritance. In the political sphere, we find that the Egyptian civilization had stronger emphasis on central authority, while the Greeks had a more decentralized structure, where powers were distributed over the cities and the states as well.
As far as art is concerned, we find that the Egyptians were more involved in creating great monumental and gaudy structures, while the Greeks were more involved in creating smaller, more literary pieces of art.
One of the biggest reasons why these two civilizations had these differences is due to their geography. The Egyptians had easy access to large stones that they could bring in to their country and use them to erect such monumental structures.
Many scholars believe that it was their power structure and the lust of large buildings that caused the Egyptians to develop a class system where they had to gather mass laborers to work for them. This can also be attributed to the Egyptians have a very strong bureaucracy and a strictly centralized government system.
These differences can also be attributed to the difference in religious beliefs of the two civilizations, as the Egyptians had a very strong believe in the after-life and they built all their large pyramids and structures in order to help their dead find a better life after death. The Greeks lacked such beliefs and this is why their social structure was very different from the Egyptians.
Both the civilizations are known to have been extensive traders, however, there were certain differences in the way that they traded due to their geographical location. The Egyptians had the Nile to their advantage and their production was mostly agricultural.
The Greeks had a much harsher climate and their focus was instead on the development of commercial law and merchant class. This is why the Greeks had to develop much more complex trade routes than the Egyptians did.
Many scholars as being more stable than the Greeks also describe the overall political structure of Egypt. Most scholars agree that this was because of the comprehensive religious belief system that the Egyptian had in place.
The Greeks lacked such a strong belief system and their political structure was marked by intermittent and heavy disruptions. However, the two civilizations were very similar as far as the social stratification was concerned.
Both civilizations had a upper class that were landowners and each of these upperclassmen had their peasants and slaves.
Religious priests were also part of the upper class, as they had a great say in the political happenings of both the civilizations. Even though both the civilizations encouraged scientific studies in astronomy and mathematics, and had greatly developed political and economic systems, they both showed more conservatism.The first banks in Egypt were crafted by Greeks, including the Bank of Alexandria, the Anglo-Egyptian bank (Sunadinos family / Συναδινός), and the General Bank of Alexandria.
Also, it was the Greek agriculturists and farmers that first systematically and with . Compare and contrast essay: Ancient Egypt and Greece The ancient Egyptian and ancient Greek civilizations are two of the oldest known civilizations in our history.
The Egyptian civilization, based in the eastern part of North Africa, is believed to have started around BC and continued till the end of the Pharaoh rule in 31 BC. The nuclear family was the core of Egyptian society and many of the gods were even arranged into such groupings.
There was tremendous pride in one's family, and lineage was traced through both the mother's and father's lines.
It represented the unity of Egypt and the pharaoh’s total control over whole Egypt. Shen/Shenu Ring Shen is the coiled circle or cartouche symbol in ancient Egyptian culture which represents divinity.
Ancient Egyptian civilization. This is the currently selected item.
Practice: Egypt. The Hittite Empire and the Battle of Kadesh. Food supplies had political effects, as well, and periods of drought probably contributed to the decline of Egyptian political unity at the ends of both the Old and Middle Kingdoms. Ancient Egyptian deities are the gods and goddesses worshipped in ancient Egypt.
family ties, loose groups and hierarchies, and combinations of separate gods into one. Egyptian cults sometimes incorporated Greek language, philosophy, iconography.