KnowledgeEpistemologyMind Pages: November 9, Knowledge is the things that one has taken into itself and made the decision to believe that it is true.
How to Write a Summary of an Article? It originated as early as the time of Plato and Aristotle. He also identified the mind with concepts such as self-awareness and self-consciousness. It is widely regarded that the sharp division between the mind and the body is the most basic fact of our human existence.
The very foundations of his philosophy which led him to the theory of dualism will likewise be tackled. Concepts such as Cogito Ergo Sum will also be discussed since it serves as the foundation for Cartesian dualism.
He was aware that the ideas of his contemporaries were all shaped by biases and prejudices. He challenged himself to eliminate these prejudices so that he could arrive at the very foundations of knowledge.
He also refused to accept the Aristotelian and Scholastic philosophy which had dominated the traditional philosophical thought throughout the Medieval Period.
He thus began his philosophy by doubting everything that he could not be certain. Descartes doubted everything around him. He doubted the existence of the physical universe and even his body. He thought that it is very much Descartes knowledge essay that he could be hallucinating about the existence of this physical world or his physical self.
He even doubted his senses, to wit: I observed, however, that these sometimes misled us; and it is the part of prudence not to place absolute confidence in that by which we have even once been deceived. He even argued that there is a thin line that separates the walking state from the dreaming state — meaning, we cannot be actually certain whether as of the moment we are imagining or not.
Bryan Kidd Descartes argued that on many occasions, he had actually thought that he was awake when in reality he was merely dreaming.
It is possible, according to him that our whole life could be a dream. He also questioned the truths of logic and reason since it is possible that he could be deceived by a demon which has the power to make things appear to be logical.
Despite all these skepticisms, Descartes argued that there is one thing that he could be certain of and that is he doubted. The mere fact that he was uncertain whether he is dreaming or awake manifests that he is in a state of doubt. If he doubted then this could only mean that he is thinking.
Because he is thinking, then he is a thinking being. Unlike his contemporaries who adopted the philosophical attitude of skepticism and began to doubt everything, Descartes believed that in reality it is not possible for us to doubt everything.
But it is possible to arrive at true knowledge of certain things. Descartes proceeds to argue that he is sure that he has a mind that exists. Since he has a mind that thinks then it follows that the mind could exist separately from the body. He argues that he is sure that he has a mind but he still is not sure about the existence of his body since it is possible for him to be in a state of delusion still.
It is possible for him to doubt that his body exists but it is not possible for him to doubt that his mind exists. He then concludes that he has a mind that is distinct from the body.
He then proceeds to make a distinction between the mind and the body. The body is unconscious and is only an extension which takes up room in space while the mind which is conscious and does not take up room.
The body is divisible and is subjected to the laws of physical science.“Descartes and the Metaphysics of Doubt,” in Essays on Descartes' Meditations, ed. Amélie Oksenberg Rorty, Berkeley: University of California Press. –––, Unnatural Doubts: Epistemological Realism and the Basis of Scepticism, Princeton University Press.
How Descartes Use Methodological Skepticism to Articulate a Foundationalist Conception of Knowledge Descartes is the first modern philosopher who rejects Aristotelianism and starts foundationalism, which is of great controversy but extreme importance in modern philosophy.
Descartes’ criteria of knowledge, consisting of clarity and distinctness, therefore give confidence in one’s determination of accepting a statement as true knowledge. In his quest for knowledge, Descartes developed his method of hyperbolic or radical doubt (Burnham & Fieser). Descartes Knowledge Essay Descartes Knowledge The question of our existence in reality is a question which philosophers have tackled throughout time.
This essay will look at the phrase, cogito ergo sum or I think therefore I am, a phrase brought about by Rene Descartes.
René Descartes, in his work of Meditation on First Philosophy, sets the foundation for modern philosophy. Analysing Descartes Meditation On First Philosophy Philosophy Essay. Print Reference this. of all narrate in the Meditations the very thoughts by means of which I seem to have arrived at a certain and evident knowledge of the.
This essay attempts to explain Descartes’ epistemology of his knowledge, his “Cogito, Ergo Sum” concept (found in the Meditations), and why he used it [the cogito concept] as a foundation when building his structure of knowledge.