Because his father, Alexander Stirling Calder, received public commissions, the family traversed the country throughout Calder's childhood.
This was my final essay in my film studies course in which we looked at the films of Roman Polanski and Krzysztof Kie? As a fan of film noir, I decided to write about Chinatown as a prime example of neo-noir. Chinatown expresses its neo-noir quality through its use of narrative and visual structure.
The typically noir characters, plots, and themes are easily identifiable—though with some twists—and the film gives off a familiar sense of pessimism and moral ambiguity. However, while most film noir and neo-noir create this sense of ambiguity in the narrative through the use of overtly dramatic low-key lighting, Chinatown creates this through the use of visual symbolism.
Overall, the film is most characteristically noir in the way in which it ties its narrative and visual structures to the theme of the inability of mankind to fully understand the world. Defining the narrative and visual structures of Chinatown In terms of narrative, the film appears at first to be a straightforward story.
After obtaining shots of him with a Chinatown 1974 essay woman, the story hits the newsreels, and the real Evelyn Faye Dunaway confronts him at his office. Furthermore, clues begin to point to a government scandal, and Gittes discovers that water is being dumped into the ocean despite a drought.
While attempting to contact Mulwray, Gittes finds the police investigating his death, and he is hired by Evelyn to find out how it happened. Later, while investigating an area of the reservoir where Mulwray was found which is also linked with the water dumping, Gittes is caught by two thugs.
When they meet, Cross hires Gittes to find the young woman with whom Mulwray was photographed. Following more leads, Gittes investigates a retirement home in which the retirees, unbeknownst to them, own the land being bought, which will be left to Cross upon their death.
The thugs return to confront Gittes, and he flees with Evelyn to her mansion, where they make love. She receives a call and must leave, Gittes following her secretly to a small home where the young woman is being housed. Gittes returns to the Mulwray mansion and finds bifocal glasses in the garden pond and concludes Evelyn killed her own husband.
Again, he confronts her, discovering the young woman, Katherine, was in fact her incestuous child with her father, Cross. Gittes plans an escape for her and her daughter. Also, upon the realization that Mulwray did not wear bifocals, but Cross did, Gittes goes to confront Cross.
At this point, all the clues have fallen into place. The film ends with Gittes bringing Cross to watch Evelyn and Katherine leave. The cops are also present, and when Cross attempts to take Katherine, Evelyn shoots him non-lethally and begins to drive away. Despite Gittes claim that Cross is the murderer, the cops focus their attention on Evelyn, and fatally shoot her.
The most powerful of these is the image of a broken or imperfect lens. When he investigates a farm that is being bought in the government scandal, one lens of his sunglasses is broken along with a headlight on his car.
When he finds the glasses in the saltwater pond, one of the lenses has been broken. Finally, in the climactic finale, Evelyn is killed by a bullet that destroys one of her eye sockets.
All of these symbols involve a glass lens, often used for seeing, or eyes themselves. Strengthened by other frequent appearances of glasses, binoculars, and cameras, this creates a heavy focus on an attempt to see and understand, often without the ability to do so.
It may also be important to note that the racial aspects of the film, such as the Asian housekeeping staff at the Mulwray mansion, the prevalence of racial stereotypes, and the concept of Chinatown also express a lack of understanding.Compiled by Judy Malloy The list is in progress.
Artists are selected for creative vision, professional accomplishment on a national level, and/or contribution to California culture, and/or web site presentation of their work. Chinatown, Norman N. Holland. Enjoying: This is a marvelously tightly connected movie with all kinds of echoes and recurrences.I think you’ll enjoy it more if you keep your eyes open for a few of them.
But, if you haven’t seen the picture before, I wouldn’t read the comments below before you watch it. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. Joan Didion arrived in Los Angeles in on the way to becoming one of the most important writers of her generation, a cultural icon who changed L.A.’s perception of itself.
In November , five women accused comedian, actor, writer, and producer Louis C.K. of sexual harassment, including two incidents which allegedly occurred on sets of television shows.
A summary of Themes in 's Chinatown. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Chinatown and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, .