The stern raises up out of the water; the bow, filling with water, grows heavier. The damage caused by the collision allowed water to flood six of the sixteen major watertight compartments. By midnight, water in the damaged compartments began to spill over into others because the compartments were watertight only horizontally and the walls extended only a few feet above waterline.
The stern raises up out of the water; the bow, filling with water, grows heavier. The damage caused by the collision allowed water to flood six of the sixteen major watertight compartments. As water rushed into the starboard side of the ship's bow, the ship began to tilt down in front and slightly to the right.
By midnight, water in the damaged compartments began to spill over into others because the compartments were watertight only horizontally and the walls extended only a few feet above waterline.
Flooding progressed until, at about 2: Because of the tremendous weight of the three large propellers in the stern of the ship, the stresses in the ship's midsection increased immensely as the stern was lifted out of the water.
At an angle of 45 degrees or more, the stresses in the midsection exceeded the ultimate stresses of the steel and the steel failed [Garzke and others, ]. Stresses at failure were estimated at nearly 15 tons per square inch [Gannon, ].
What survivors of the disaster then described was a loud noise that sounded like breaking china or falling equipment [Hill, ]. This noise can be attributed to the tearing and disintegration of the Titanic's upper structure. The bow, dangling beneath, continued to fill with water. Free from the weight of the bow, the stern rose again sharply to an almost vertical position.
Slowly filling with water, the stern began to sink into the water. Meanwhile, the bow had been coasting down at about 13 miles per hour mph.
Falling nearly vertical at about 4 mph, the stern crashed into the ocean floor 27 minutes later. The two pieces of the Titanic lie 2, feet apart, pointing in opposite directions beneath 12, feet of water. The bow section remains mostly intact, although the damaged portion of the hull is covered with a foot high wall of silt and mud that plowed up when the Titanic hit bottom, so the point of fracture can not be seen.
The stern section is a tangled wreck, as implosions occurred during the descent due to air trapped within the structure succumbing to the increased water pressure at greater depths. Between the two sections is a wide field of debris [Hill, ]. For 73 years, the Titanic remained undisturbed on the ocean floor.
On September 1,oceanographer Bob Ballard and his crew discovered the wreck of the Titanic about miles southeast of Newfoundland, Canada [Gannon, ].
Since then, four more expeditions have visited the Titanic. Inthe first purely scientific team visited the site. The dive was called the Imax dive because the purpose was to create a film for Imax theaters. The Soviet submersibles used in the dive were capable of staying submerged for twenty hours and were equipped withlumen lamps.
With this equipment, scientists were able to take pictures of the Titanic wreck and eventually uncover new evidence into the cause of the Titanic disaster.
Causes of the Rapid Sinking On an expedition in to the Titanic wreck, scientists discovered a chunk of metal lying on the ocean floor that once was a part of the Titanic's hull. The Frisbee sized piece of steel was an inch thick with three rivet holes, each 1.
Since the retrieval of this piece of steel, extensive research has been done to uncover additional clues to the cause of the rapid sinking of the Titanic. The following is a discussion of the material failures and design flaws that contributed to the disaster.
Material Failures When the Titanic collided with the iceberg, the hull steel and the wrought iron rivets failed because of brittle fracture. A type of catastrophic failure in structural materials, brittle fracture occurs without prior plastic deformation and at extremely high speeds.
The causes of brittle fracture include low temperature, high impact loading, and high sulphur content. On the night of the Titanic disaster, each of these three factors was present: The water temperature was below freezing, the Titanic was travelling at a high speed on impact with the iceberg, and the hull steel contained high levels of sulphur.
The first hint that brittle fracture of the hull steel contributed to the Titanic disaster came following the recovery of a piece of the hull steel from the Titanic wreck.
After cleaning the piece of steel, the scientists noted the condition of the edges. Jagged and sharp, the edges of the piece of steel appeared almost shattered, like broken china. Also, the metal showed no evidence bending or deformation. Typical high-quality ship steel is more ductile and deforms rather than breaks [Gannon, ].
Similar behavior was found in the damaged hull steel of the Titanic's sister ship, Olympic, after a collision while leaving harbor on September 20, A foot high opening was torn into the starboard side of the Olympic's hull when a British cruiser broadsided her. Failure of the riveted joints and ripping of the hull plates were apparent in the area of impact.
However, the plate tears exhibited little plastic deformation and the edges were unusually sharp, having the appearance of brittle fractures [Garzke and others, ].How the sinking of the Titanic changed the world. Posted by Dan Bender, Wednesday, April 14, the sinking of the Titanic captured the attention of the planet.
who talks about the effects of the Titanic’s sinking and the global response. The Sinking of the RMS Titanic by Ivah Steenwyk This is the RMS Titanic leaving its first port. It all started on a summer night in Sinking of the Titanic At p.m. ship's time, watchmen aboard the ship spotted an iceberg, and the ship made a sudden turn to the left, causing it to sideswipe the iceberg.
The ice punched holes in the starboard (or right side) of the boat, along a nearly foot (90 m) stretch and it began filling it with water. Causes and Effects of the Rapid Sinking of the Titanic Vicki Bassett.
On April 14, , the R.M.S. Titanic collided with a massive iceberg and sank in less than three hours. At the time, more than passengers and crew were aboard the Titanic for her maiden voyage to .
Titanic Summary Titanic is a flawlessly crafted film that includes both a dramatic lavishing romance and the historical story of the sinking of the Titanic. It stars both the elegant star, Kate Winslet and the gorgeous Leonardo DiCaprio in a fictional romance that begins between a rich girl and a poor boy who meet on the voyage of the “unsinkable ship”, Titanic.
The Sinking of the Titanic Essay - The Sinking of the Titanic The sinking of the Titanic in became an international symbol to all.
What that symbol is depends on each individual person that accesses the situation. Greed, chivalry, folly, bravery and progress are among the few symbols.