A juggernaut force of tanks, guns, and countless grey-clad soldiers from nearby Germany had torn across the countryside and were making a total invasion of the Pole's homelands. Germany's actions on that fateful morning ignited a conflict that would spread like a wildfire, engulfing the entire globe in a great world war. This scenario is many people's conception of how World War II came about. In reality, the whole story is far more detailed and complex.
Across the board, little changed. Only mobilization for a world war would bring an end to the most devastating economic crisis in United States history. Roosevelt decided it would be necessary—and perhaps wise—to invest time and money into national defense. Despite his promise to keep the nation out of the war escalating abroad, Roosevelt carefully and deliberately prepared the country for a worst-case scenario.
By the spring ofhe convinced Congress to increase defense spending, enlarge the army, and expand the U. Through billions of dollars in federal spending—largely focused on rearmament and national security—he managed to funnel money into a peacetime draft, increase wages for military personnel, offer subsidies for defense manufacturing, and grant loans to aid Great Britain and the Soviet Union.
Not exactly invoking neutrality in his decision to assist the Allied powers, President Roosevelt noted, "Even a neutral cannot be asked to close his mind or his conscience. Help Wanted By the first years of American involvement in World War II, wartime manufacturing facilities had been established throughout the nation, creating a tremendous demand for labor.
Within months of the U. War mobilization—that is, the rapid production of military equipment, vehicles, weapons, and ammunition, along with the fortification of American borders and military bases abroad—coupled with the military draft to create a vast labor shortage.
Employers were desperate to fill positions as quickly as possible to meet production demands and needed to hire workers en masse.
The demand for labor was so great all across the nation that proprietors had to offer high wages and other fringe benefits to lure potential laborers—young, old, married, unmarried, white, Black, immigrant, and women—away from competitors.
Businesses practically begged for workers, offering extraordinary incentives such as medical care, exemption from the military draft, daycare facilities, and even paid maternity leave, a perk previously unimagined.
To be sure, these were surreal shifts for so many Americans affected by the Great Depression and intimately familiar with scarcity and hopelessness. A strategically vital segment of the continental United States, the California coast became the primary focus of military-industrial production.
The federal government virtually poured money into the golden state: In addition, military industries already established in the San Francisco Presidio, on Mare Island, and in San Diego were greatly expanded.
California became a haven for those seeking better, more prosperous lives—just as it had been nearly a century earlier, during the Gold Rush. Millions of Americans traveled West to settle on the California Coast.
Migrants, particularly from the South and the Mid-West, were lured by lucrative job opportunities and the promise of sunshine and seascapes. And many found what they hoped to discover.
With such a tremendous influx of migration, some problems arose, particularly in port cities like Oakland, Richmond, Los Angeles, and Vallejo, in which populations rose sharply from month to month. City governments were largely unprepared for the huge number of new residents seeking housing and schools, requiring medical care and running water, and producing waste.
These regions were overwhelmed, to say the least, by the need for new construction and solutions to plumbing and sanitation nightmares. Often cities produced temporary housing and public services to shoulder the weight of population growth.
But just as the poorest of "new immigrants" in cities in the Northeast occupied tenements around the turn of the century, the poorest of wartime migrants—African Americans and Mexican immigrants—filled the rapidly constructed housing projects.
In the years following the war, housing discrimination and loan restrictions would prevent many non-white wartime migrants from moving out of these projects and into postwar, middle-class suburban developments.
In order to maintain a military large enough and strong enough to fight on two major war fronts, the federal government required most manufacturers to halt production of consumer items.
Car manufacturers, for instance, were ordered to cease normal operations and, instead, to assemble armored vehicles to be used on the battlefield. The federal government also asked Americans to conserve, conserve, conserve! Certain consumer products made scarce by the war, like gasoline, steel, rubber, coffee, butter, oil, and meat, were rationed in order to prevent shortages and ensure the availability of these items to all citizens, not just to the very rich.
Americans, through the use of "ration stamps," were authorized to purchase a limited quantity of each product, and families often gave up many creature comforts altogether.
While Americans had fewer products to buy, they were earning much more than ever before. As a result, families were compelled to save money throughout the war years. Once the war ended and manufacturers discontinued production for war mobilization, consumer products once again filled store shelves.
A population buoyed by full employment, rising wages, growing prosperity, and renewed national confidence began to spend—and to spend enthusiastically.World War II summary: The carnage of World War II was unprecedented and brought the world closest to the term “total warfare.” On average 27, people were killed each day between September 1, , until the formal surrender of Japan on September 2, Instead of one best tank for World War II, there is one best tank for each year of the war.
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Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. World War I, also called First World War or Great War, an international conflict that in –18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along with Russia, the United States, the Middle East, and other regions.
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