C The Holy Office at Rome. The suppression of heresy during the first twelve centuries 1 Though the Apostles were deeply imbued with the conviction that they must transmit the deposit of the Faith to posterity undefiled, and that any teaching at variance with their own, even if proclaimed by an angel of Heavenwould be a culpable offense, yet St. Paul did not, in the case of the heretics Alexander and Hymeneus, go back to the Old Covenant penalties of death or scourging Deuteronomy In fact to the Christians of the first three centuries it could scarcely have occurred to assume any other attitude towards those who erred in matters of faith.
Etymology[ edit ] The origins of the word "lynch" are obscure, but it likely originated during the American revolution. The verb comes from the phrase "Lynch Law", a term for a punishment without trial. Two Americans during this era are generally credited for coining the phrase: Charles Lynch and William Lynchwho both lived in Virginia in the s.
Charles Lynch has the better claim, as he was known to have used the term inwhile William Lynch is not known to have used the term until much later.
There is no evidence that death was imposed as a punishment by either of the two men. While he lacked proper jurisdiction, he claimed this right by arguing wartime necessity.
Subsequently, he prevailed upon his friends in the Congress of the Confederation to pass a law that exonerated him and his associates from wrongdoing. He was concerned that he might face legal action from one or more of those so incarcerated, even though the American Colonies had won the war.
This action by the Congress provoked controversy, and it was in connection with this that the term "Lynch law", meaning the assumption of extrajudicial authority, came into common parlance in the United States.
Lynch was not accused of racist bias. He acquitted blacks accused of murder on three separate occasions. While Edgar Allan Poe claimed that he found this document, it was probably a hoax.
The legal and cultural antecedents of American lynching were carried across the Atlantic by migrants from the British Isles to colonial North America.
Collective violence was a familiar aspect of the early modern Anglo-American legal landscape. Group violence in the British Atlantic was usually nonlethal in intention and result.
In the seventeenth century, in the context of political turmoil in England and unsettled social and political conditions in the American colonies, there arose rebellions and riots that took multiple lives. The peak of lynchings occurred inafter southern white Democrats had regained control of state legislatures.
Many incidents were related to economic troubles and competition. At the turn of the 20th century, southern states passed new constitutions or legislation which effectively disenfranchised most blacks and many poor whitesestablished segregation of public facilities by race, and separated blacks from common public life and facilities through Jim Crow rules.
Nearly 3, African Americans and 1, whites were lynched in the United States between and Lynchings took place in the United States both before and after the American Civil Warmost commonly in Southern states and Western frontier settlements and most frequently in the late 19th century.
It was performed without due process of law by self-appointed commissions, mobsor vigilantes as a form of punishment for presumed criminal offences.Studybay is an academic writing service for students: essays, term papers, dissertations and much more! We're trusted and chosen by many students all over the world!
3, Links May 1, Add URL, report dead links, suggestions, comments, contact Steve Stewart: [email protected] A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah I strongly agree with capital punishment is dead wrong.
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